How Inventory Works

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MainBoss uses a number of terms to describe inventory actions. This section discusses those terms and explains the details of how MainBoss handles inventory.

Note: To avoid surprises, we strongly recommend that you familiarize yourself with the following material.

Storeroom Assignment: A storeroom assignment specifies that a particular item should be stored in a particular storeroom. In addition, it specifies the maximum quantity that should ever be in the storeroom, and the minimum quantity allowed before you have to reorder. For more, see Storeroom Assignments.

On Hand: When MainBoss tells you the quantity of an item that is currently on hand, that is the quantity that is expected to be present in a particular storeroom or in all storerooms combined.

On Order: As soon as you add an item to a purchase order, the given quantity is considered on order. Note that the purchase order does not have to be issued; items are on order even if the purchase order is only in the draft state. For more on purchase orders, see Purchase Orders.

Note: Inventory items are considered to be on order as soon as they appear on a draft purchase order. MainBoss does this to avoid over-ordering stock—once an item has been put on one purchase order, the corresponding "stock available" quantities are all updated to show the quantity of stock that will eventually arrive.

The drawback of this approach is that the items are considered on order before the purchase order is actually issued. If the purchase order isn't issued for a long time, you may be misled into thinking that the stock is soon going to show up, when in fact, the purchase order hasn't even been sent to the vendor. For this reason, you should try not to leave any purchase order in the draft stage for an extended period of time.

On Reserve: When you create a work order, you can reserve inventory materials for use in the work order. These materials are said to be on reserve. You put materials on reserve when you use New Demand Item in the Resources section of a work order. More precisely, the materials are put on reserve when you Save the demand.

Materials can be removed from reserve in several ways:

The total quantity of an item on reserve is the sum of all on reserve quantities from open work orders. For example, if one work order calls for 10 quarts of oil and another calls for 20, you have a total of 30 quarts on reserve.

Stock Available: When MainBoss tells you the total quantity of an item available (either in a single storeroom or in all storerooms combined), the quantity is calculated as

    Stock Available = OnHand + OnOrder - OnReserve

When MainBoss needs to determine whether stock should be restocked, it looks at the available quantity, not at the quantity on hand.

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